GDP: $40.228 BILLION
POPULATION: 11.353.142
TOTAL AREA: 1,098,581 KM2

WIPO-administered Treaties:

Contracting Party of the Paris Convention: YES.

Contracting Party of the Madrid System: NO.

Patent Prosecution Highway:

Trade Mark Law in force:

Decision 486 of the Andean Community. The Andean Pact Decision provides for one common Trade Mark Law among the member countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru). It does not provide a common registration procedure, but it provides for certain reciprocal rights to be available upon request of the trade mark owner. For example, an entity that first applied for registration of a trade mark in any Member Country, may lodge an opposition against a similar mark filed in the other Member Countries.

Trade Mark Act of 1918, which provides national complementary regulations to the Decision 486 of the Andean Community.


Nice classification, 11th edition

Multiclass Applications:

Not possible.

Registrable trade marks:

Words, names, devices and other distinctive signs, including three-dimensional forms, colours, sounds,

smells, slogans.

Formal filing requirements:

• Power of Attorney duly notarised and legalised within 60 working days from the official request.

• Certified copy of priority application and its translation into Spanish within 9 months from the priority application date.


Absolute grounds for refusal: YES.

Relative grounds for refusal: YES.

Opposition period:

30 working days from publication date.

Average time from filing to grant:

Approximately 9 months, unless any obstacles were raised.

Term of protection:

10 years from the date of registration.

Use requirements:

YES. Cancellation can be requested if the trade mark has not been used for 3 years in any member state of the Andean Pact, counting from the registration date. Partial cancellation is possible.

Renewal terms:

6 months prior to renewal date.

Grace period: 6 months.

Link to Trade Mark Office:

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